ECO S Eugene

Economic S Eugene

Museum of Civilization

Culture Today was on my mind. After enjoying two interesting exhibitions at the Canadian Museum of Contemporary Photography, I made my way across the river to the city of Gatineau (formerly Hull) to visit the most popular museum in Canada: The Canadian Museum of Civilization. This rewowned Canadian institution is known for its unique architecture and is home to the Canadian Postal Museum, the Canadian Children's Museum, an IMAX theater (which I was going to visit today) and a variety of special exhibits.The Canadian Museum of Civilization has three main halls: The great room, which is the architectural centerpiece of the museum, Canada City Hall and Hall of the First People. The 112 x 15 m (365 ft x 50 ft) of the glass wall of the Great Hall has a magnificent view of the Parliament Buildings Ottawa and hosts world's largest collection of totem poles inside.My goal today was to see a special exhibition: A traveling exhibition organized by the Cincinnati Art Museum and the American Museum of Natural History, under the patronage of Her Majesty Queen Rania Al-Abdullah of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. "Petra – Lost City of Stone" is the most complete portrait is mounted on the impressive and enigmatic Petra. This exhibition tells the story of a thriving metropolis, once at the crossroads of ancient trade routes.Its inhabitants, the Nabataeans, a magnificent city built in a desert environment. Petra receives only about 15 centimeters (6 inches) of rain a year. Naively its residents were able to control the water supply of the city by capturing and collecting water from flooding in more than 200 underground cisterns which would then be redistributed through the city via a system of clay pipes. This stored water is used during periods of prolonged drought and the town prospered even water sales. Indeed, the ancient Nabataeans had created an artificial oasis.Originally, the Nabataeans were traveling merchants, but became even more prosperous, once he calmed down and began to serve other itinerant merchants and tax. Being located at the intersection of several commercial caravan routes, the art and architecture of other cultures integrated Nabataeans. Asian elephants, for example, were a popular symbol for strength, show many lengths found artistic elements in art and mythology of ancient Greece. Several centuries later, Byzantine Christian art was widely adopted.Petra surrounding natural environment is visually stunning and geologically unique. A dark and narrow gorge called Siq ("the shaft") cut into the sandstone forms the eastern entrance to the city. In some places the Siq is only 3-4 meters wide and its end is the magnificent ruin of the Treasury (Al Khazneh), an absolutely stunning decorated fa? Ade carved natural stone. In total, Petra had 3,000 temples, tombs and dwellings and at its peak, the population was 20,000 people. Originally, these structures were covered with stucco and painted with bright colors, which must have been a spectular view this desert environment.Despite the abundance of temples that we know relatively little about the religion of the Nabataeans. Apparently, there was a small number of the gods, with Dushara be the most important male god, and Al-Uzza representing the most important female deity.Petra held its apogee between 200 BC and 200 AD, when it was one of the most important commercial centers linking the Silk Road and the spice routes connecting China, India and Arabia with the purchase of consumers in Greece , Rome, Egypt and Syria. In 106 AD, Petra was annexed by the Roman emperor Trajan. During the Byzantine period the city had its own bishop and later large Christian churches were built.Being located in a seismically unstable area, Petra had experienced many earthquakes, but an earthquake in 363 AD the city hit particularly hard. Half of the city was destroyed and the water system was interrupted. With the increase in ocean trade, the decline of the overland trade routes through this area had already affected the city before and it seems that Petra was unable to muster the resources needed for reconstruction. In the 7th century, Muslim Arabs arrived in Petra from the south. The transition to an Islamic government seems to have been relatively peaceful in southern Jordan.In the seventh century, Petra was finally abandoned and was virtually lost to the outside world. It was not until 1812 that a Swiss explorer Johann Burckhardt rediscovered the city. Today, less than five percent of the city has been discovered, so this ancient stone city still has many secrets to reveal.The same exhibition consists of many components, including artifacts, architectural details, jewelry, vases and other objects. Some of the highlights of the exhibition are a striking gravestone bearing the likeness of the head of a man, a capital of the newly discovered column with elephant heads, a relief carving of an eagle and recently reassembled sculpted frieze garland one of the main temples of the city. 19th century paintings, drawings and prints illustrate rediscovery of the city in 1812 and Petra Burckhard – Crossroads of the Ancient World is a film of 8 minutes a brief cultural history of this city. It also illustrates the only Nabataeans' rock cutting process and water management and storage techniques.This historical exhibition is complemented by an exhibition of photographs: The Bedouin of Petra is a collection of 25 color photographs by award-winning photojournalist Vivian Ronay. The photos were taken on several occasions between 1986 and 2003, and document the life of the Bedouins Bedoul, and its transition from a pastoral life of a lifestyle based on tourism. The Bedoul had lived in tents and caves in the ruins of the ancient city until the Jordanian government became concerned about the preservation of the city. They were invited to move to a nearby town, where modern housing and facilities provided. Most of them moved to the shops and caves to conventional homes, giving up his former life as shepherds and farmers to work in the tourism industry. A fascinating look at an ancient people who have had a huge change in lifestyle.As if Petra was not sufficiently fascinating, I decided to add another encounter with antiquity. I went to the Museum IMAX Theatre for a special presentation: Greece – Secrets of the Past. The IMAX Theater is the first of its kind in the world and actually combines two technologies IMAX. The vertical screen size is 10 times the size of a conventional movie screen and bends instead of transmitting a multi-dimensional experience, as close as possible to actually being there.This quality was definitely realistic appreciated as one of the opening sequences of the film begins with a flight over the Mediterranean and a stunning look down on some of the Greek islands. In dramatic images that I learned about the formation of the island of Santorini and volcanic eruption: The most powerful explosion ever.Images of Athens and the Acropolis Greece demonstrated that 2500 years ago was indeed the cradle of Western civilization. Art and architecture flourished while science, philosophy and literature reached impressive heights. The camera follows the steps of a team of archaeologists and introduced the audience to the innovations in this scientific field.Greece: Secrets of the Past is a film produced by MacGillivray Freeman Alex G. Spanos in partnership with the Canadian Museum of Civilization and the Museum Film Network funding assistance National Science Foundation. Incidentally Nia Vardalos ("My Big Fat Greek Wedding") tells the function.The visuals are stunning and it's true: It's almost as good as being there …